(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
n. material (see substance); subject [matter], meaning, gist; wealth (see money).
Material existence
1. substance, matter; corpus, frame, protoplasm, principle; person, thing, object, article; incarnation, embodiment, avatar; something, a being, an existence, entity; creature, body, stuff, clay. See humanity, texture.
2. (material nature) substantiality, materiality, materialness, essence, reality, corporeality; tangibility; flesh and blood.
3. (study of material existence) physics, physical science, quantum mechanics; somatology, somatics; materialism; materialist, physicist.
Verbs — embody, incorporate, incarnate, actualize, materialize, subsist, be; substantiate.
Adjectives — substantive, substantial; concrete, sound, solid; personal; bodily, tangible, corporeal, real, material; appreciable.
Adverbs — substantially, bodily, essentially, etc.; on solid ground; in the flesh.
Quotations — Anybody who is not shocked by this subject [quantum mechanics] has failed to understand it (Niels Bohr).
Antonyms, see insubstantiality.
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [Essence]
Syn. body, core, pith; see basis 1 , essence 1 , matter 1 .
2. [Object]
Syn. matter, material, being, object, item, person, animal, something, element; see also thing 1 .
in substance,
Syn. in essence, substantially, actually; see essentially .
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
1. matter material, element, stuff, constituent, ingredient, something.
2. reality solidity, substantiality, concreteness.
3. essence meaning, gist, spirit, core, heart, meat, nucleus, thrust, sense, point, *bottom line, *sum total.
4. wealth resources, possessions, affluence, assets, worth, riches, property.
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun 1. That which occupies space and can be perceived by the senses: materiality, matter. See BODY. 2. That from which things are or can be made: material, matter, stuff. Idiom: grist for one's mill. See MATTER. 3. A basic trait or set of traits that define and establish the character of something: being, essence, essentiality, nature, quintessence, texture. See SURFACE. 4. The most central and material part: core, essence, gist, heart, kernel, marrow, meat, nub, pith, quintessence, root1, soul, spirit, stuff. Law: gravamen. See BE. 5. The general sense or significance, as of an action or statement: amount, burden2, drift, import, purport, tenor. Idioms: sum and substance, sum total. See MEANING. 6. The thread or current of thought uniting or occurring in all the elements of a text or discourse: aim, burden2, drift, intent, meaning, purport, tendency, tenor, thrust. See MEANING.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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